History Of Italian Garden Design
The origins of the style are to be found in ancient rome.
History of italian garden design. He drew upon the architectural principles of vitruvius and used quotations from pliny the elder and pliny the younger to describe what a garden should look like and how it should be used. Italian garden design style italian gardens are characterized by the abundance of architectural features or built features in the garden. History of garden design and gardening chapter.
This italian style with its symmetry and other ideal elements strongly influenced the gardens of europe particularly in france and england. The transition from the roman villas to the italian castles or monastic establishments of the middle ages was decidedly unfavourable to gardening. European gardens 500ad 1850 medieval italian garden design.
The first renaissance text to include garden design was de re aedificatoria the ten books of architecture by leon battista alberti 1404 1472. This later became very popular all over europe. The italian renaissance garden broke down the wall between the garden the house and the landscape outside.
With areas to right and left of this line essentially mirror images. It was inspired by the ancient roman garden. First created in the villa gardens of florence and rome near the end of the fifteenth century italian renaissance gardens were designed with a classical aesthetic dependant on order harmony and beauty.
But the most important feature was the garden s axial arrangement to the house that is to say a main line ran from the main doorway in the centre of the house to the end of the garden. When the goths took possession of italy the whole. Prior to the italian renaissance italian medieval gardens were enclosed by walls and were devoted to growing vegetables fruits and medicinal herbs or in the case of monastery gardens for silent meditation and prayer.
The italian renaissance garden of the late 15th century was created from a combination of the villa the garden the landscape and the sculptural form.
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