History Of Japanese Garden Design
Japanese garden japanese garden ideals and aims of garden design.
History of japanese garden design. The pure land garden in motsu ji temple in iwate japan www motsuji or jp in the heian period courtiers created the gardens inside their palatial style houses. They developed the garden with the pond and spring including islands bridges and winding streams. At one time eminent zen priests designed gardens in accordance with the principles of their philosophic teaching.
The city garden reached its zenith with the palace design of sennacherib 704 681 bce whose water system stretched for 50 km into the hills whose garden was higher and more ornate than any others and who boasted of the complex technologies he deployed calling his palace and garden a wonder for all peoples. Though nature and the elements have been represented in japanese gardens for thousands of years different garden styles have dominated different eras of japanese history. Anika ogusu is a passionate gardener with a special interest in japanese gardens.
The garden design in japan is strongly connected to the philosophy and religion of the country. Japanese gardens are meticulously designed and carefully crafted down to every single element. Its transformative quality is by no means an accident.
During the heian period 794 1185 when the symmetrical shinden style of architecture prevailed the main garden was laid out on the southern side of the house. They often combine the basic elements of plants water and rocks with simple clean lines to create a tranquil retreat. The japanese were actually the first people to print and mass produce texts on books of garden designs making the history of japanese garden styles easy to trace.
As with most cultures early japanese gardens were mostly used to adorn the property of wealthy noblemen or temples and shrines. Pure land style garden japanese garden. Plants and worn aged materials are generally used by japanese garden designers to suggest an ancient and faraway natural landscape and to express the fragility of existence as.
Zen buddhism flourished during the kamakura and muromachi periods 1185 1573 as a result in many zen buddhist temples had built zen style japanese garden. Japanese gardens 日本庭園 nihon teien are traditional gardens whose designs are accompanied by japanese aesthetics and philosophical ideas avoid artificial ornamentation and highlight the natural landscape. The art of gardening is believed to be an important part of japanese culture for many centuries.
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